Mathematics for grade 6 provides a transition from the emphasis placed on whole-number arithmetic in the elementary grades to foundations of algebra. The course will focus on rational numbers and operations involving rational numbers. Students will use ratios to compare data sets; recognize decimals, fractions, and percents as ratios; solve single-step and multistep problems, using positive rational numbers; and gain a foundation in the understanding of and operations with integers. Students will solve problems involving area and perimeter and begin to graph in a coordinate plane. In addition, students will build on the concept of graphical representation of data developed in the elementary grades and develop concepts regarding measures of center. Students will solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable and will use algebraic terminology. Students will represent proportional relationships using two variables as a precursor to the development of the concept of linear functions.
This course aligns with the Virginia Standards of Learning for Mathematics, Grade 6.