04161 Civics & Economics (Grade 8)

History & Social StudiesMiddle School (6–8)Credit Recovery Option

This course examines the roles citizens play in the political, governmental, and economic systems of the United States. Students will examine the foundational documents and principles with which the constitutions of Virginia and the United States were established; identify the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens; and describe the structure and operation of government at the local, state, and national levels. Through the economics standards, students will compare the U.S. economy to other types of economies. They will investigate the process by which decisions are made in the American market economy and explain the government’s role in the U.S. economy. The course examines personal character traits, such as patriotism, respect for the law, willingness to perform public service, and a sense of civic duty, that facilitate thoughtful and effective participation in the civic life of an increasingly diverse democratic society. Civic and economic education also must emphasize the intellectual and practical skills required for responsible citizenship. Students will learn to consider their own talents, aptitudes, personalities, and market demand as they explore future decisions.

This course aligns with the Virginia Standards of Learning for Civics & Economics.



Course Texts and Materials

All required resources are included within the course.

Terms Offered

  • Full Year


  • 1 Credit